Short Questions and Answers of Bacon’s Essays

According to Bacon, what are the main benefits of study?
According to Bacon the main benefits of study are delight, ornament and ability.

What does Bacon means by ‘writing makes an exact man’ in his essay ‘Of Studies’?
Bacon means by ‘writing makes an exact man’ in his essay ‘Of Studies’ that
writing and thinking goes hand in hand. Writing enforces to think about what he believes and what he want to communicate and he is always trying to get right word.

What is Bacon’s main focus in ‘Of Friendship’?
Bacon’s main focus in ‘Of Friendship’ is the
fruits of friendship that we share feelings and emotions with friends, friends provide comfort and stability in hard time and lives as unity and bond like pomegranate.

What are the fruits of friendship as described in ‘Of Friendship’ by Bacon?
The fruits of friendship are, we
share feelings and emotions with friends and friends provide comfort and stability in hard time and lives as unity and bond like pomegranate.

What is Bacon’s main focus in ‘Of Truth’?
Bacon’s main focus in ‘Of Truth’ is on the high value of truth in Christianity and people’s nature to get pleasure in lying and flirting.
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Short Questions and Answers of “Gulliver’s Travels” by Swift

What is the symbolic significance of Lilliput?

Lilliput is symbolized the political, religious and social affairs of England. Small size signifies low morality, high-heels and low-heels signify the Whigs and Tories and big-endian and little-endian signify Catholic and Protestant etc.

How do the Lilliputians treat Gulliver when they first encounter him?

They fasten him in strings and put him on a cart which driven by thousands of miniature horses.

What is the significance of size in ‘Gulliver’s Travels’?

In ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ the small size signifies the low morality as selfish, vain, petty etc.(Lilliputian) and the big size signifies the high morality like noble, good, peaceful etc.(Brobdignagian).

Who is Gulliver?

Gulliver is the protagonist of the ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ and narrator of the story. He belongs to middle-class family in Nottingham shire, England. He is intelligent and well educated.

Who are Lilliputians?

The Lilliputians are inhabitants of the island where Gulliver reached after his ship wrecked in the sea. They are six inches in height. They are ruled by an Emperor. They are selfish, vicious, morally corrupt, deceitful and jealous, filled with greed and ingratitude.
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Critical analysis of ‘Philosophy and Politics’ by Bertrand Russell

General introduction of philosophy

What is philosophy? Philosophy is love for wisdom or knowledge. There are Three branches of philosophy:

Epistemology

Study of knowledge

Ontology/ metaphysics

Study of really real

Axiology

Study of value

Note:- It is divided into two main parts

Ethics

Study of moral or values of human behavior

Aesthetics

Values in sense, taste or beauty.

Introduction of this essay

Bertrand Russell in his book ‘ Unpopular Essays‘ he wrote this essay. In this essay he attack on the Hegel’s philosophy of dogmatism and defended the Lock’s philosophy of empiricism.

Background

Russell starts his essay with the philosophic background of England  and Germany. He says that British has produced brilliant philosopher and British nation holds philosophy as such in dissatisfaction. It is British nation’s attitude towards philosophy, so the connection between Philosophy and politics is weak in England.
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