Short Questions and Answers of Unpopular Essays by Bertrand Russell

Write the names of contents of ‘Unpopular Essays’ by Russell.
The names of the contents of ‘Unpopular Essays’ by Russell are Philosophy for laymen, Philosophy and Politics, The future of mankind, Function of a teacher, Ideas that have helped mankind, ideas that have harmed mankind, Intellectual Rubbish, On being modern minded and Philosophy’s ulterior motives.

Is Russell’s ‘Unpopular Essays’ about unpopularity?
Russell’s ‘Unpopular Essaysnot about unpopularity but about philosophy, politics and wellbeing of humanity.

How is Russell a pacifist?
Russell is against the war and opposes the idea of First World War so; he loses his job at Trinity College Cambridge. For this reason he is called pacifist.

What is the difference between Hegel and Locke’s philosophy?
Locke’s philosophy of empiricism suggests a theoretical justification of democracy, religious toleration, representative institutions, and the limitations of governmental power by the system of checks and balances but Hegel’s philosophy of dogmatism is that true liberty consists in obedience to an arbitrary authority, free speech is an evil, absolute monarchy is good, war is desirable, and an international organization for the peaceful settlement of disputes would be a misfortune.

How would you define ’empiricism’?
Empiricism is philosophy in which limitations of gov’t through system of check and balance, liberty of speech, religious tolerance and against the war. Empiricism is opposite to dogmatism. Democritus and Lock were Empiricists.
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Short Questions and Answers of Bacon’s Essays

According to Bacon, what are the main benefits of study?
According to Bacon the main benefits of study are delight, ornament and ability.

What does Bacon means by ‘writing makes an exact man’ in his essay ‘Of Studies’?
Bacon means by ‘writing makes an exact man’ in his essay ‘Of Studies’ that
writing and thinking goes hand in hand. Writing enforces to think about what he believes and what he want to communicate and he is always trying to get right word.

What is Bacon’s main focus in ‘Of Friendship’?
Bacon’s main focus in ‘Of Friendship’ is the
fruits of friendship that we share feelings and emotions with friends, friends provide comfort and stability in hard time and lives as unity and bond like pomegranate.

What are the fruits of friendship as described in ‘Of Friendship’ by Bacon?
The fruits of friendship are, we
share feelings and emotions with friends and friends provide comfort and stability in hard time and lives as unity and bond like pomegranate.

What is Bacon’s main focus in ‘Of Truth’?
Bacon’s main focus in ‘Of Truth’ is on the high value of truth in Christianity and people’s nature to get pleasure in lying and flirting.
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Short Questions and Answers of “Gulliver’s Travels” by Swift

What is the symbolic significance of Lilliput?

Lilliput is symbolized the political, religious and social affairs of England. Small size signifies low morality, high-heels and low-heels signify the Whigs and Tories and big-endian and little-endian signify Catholic and Protestant etc.

How do the Lilliputians treat Gulliver when they first encounter him?

They fasten him in strings and put him on a cart which driven by thousands of miniature horses.

What is the significance of size in ‘Gulliver’s Travels’?

In ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ the small size signifies the low morality as selfish, vain, petty etc.(Lilliputian) and the big size signifies the high morality like noble, good, peaceful etc.(Brobdignagian).

Who is Gulliver?

Gulliver is the protagonist of the ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ and narrator of the story. He belongs to middle-class family in Nottingham shire, England. He is intelligent and well educated.

Who are Lilliputians?

The Lilliputians are inhabitants of the island where Gulliver reached after his ship wrecked in the sea. They are six inches in height. They are ruled by an Emperor. They are selfish, vicious, morally corrupt, deceitful and jealous, filled with greed and ingratitude.
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