Short Questions and Answers of Unpopular Essays by Bertrand Russell

Write the names of contents of ‘Unpopular Essays’ by Russell.
The names of the contents of ‘Unpopular Essays’ by Russell are Philosophy for laymen, Philosophy and Politics, The future of mankind, Function of a teacher, Ideas that have helped mankind, ideas that have harmed mankind, Intellectual Rubbish, On being modern minded and Philosophy’s ulterior motives.

Is Russell’s ‘Unpopular Essays’ about unpopularity?
Russell’s ‘Unpopular Essaysnot about unpopularity but about philosophy, politics and wellbeing of humanity.

How is Russell a pacifist?
Russell is against the war and opposes the idea of First World War so; he loses his job at Trinity College Cambridge. For this reason he is called pacifist.

What is the difference between Hegel and Locke’s philosophy?
Locke’s philosophy of empiricism suggests a theoretical justification of democracy, religious toleration, representative institutions, and the limitations of governmental power by the system of checks and balances but Hegel’s philosophy of dogmatism is that true liberty consists in obedience to an arbitrary authority, free speech is an evil, absolute monarchy is good, war is desirable, and an international organization for the peaceful settlement of disputes would be a misfortune.

How would you define ’empiricism’?
Empiricism is philosophy in which limitations of gov’t through system of check and balance, liberty of speech, religious tolerance and against the war. Empiricism is opposite to dogmatism. Democritus and Lock were Empiricists.
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Critical analysis of ‘Philosophy and Politics’ by Bertrand Russell

General introduction of philosophy

What is philosophy? Philosophy is love for wisdom or knowledge. There are Three branches of philosophy:

Epistemology

Study of knowledge

Ontology/ metaphysics

Study of really real

Axiology

Study of value

Note:- It is divided into two main parts

Ethics

Study of moral or values of human behavior

Aesthetics

Values in sense, taste or beauty.

Introduction of this essay

Bertrand Russell in his book ‘ Unpopular Essays‘ he wrote this essay. In this essay he attack on the Hegel’s philosophy of dogmatism and defended the Lock’s philosophy of empiricism.

Background

Russell starts his essay with the philosophic background of England  and Germany. He says that British has produced brilliant philosopher and British nation holds philosophy as such in dissatisfaction. It is British nation’s attitude towards philosophy, so the connection between Philosophy and politics is weak in England.
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