Short Answers of History of Western Civilization

How can “Hellenic” be differentiated from “Hellenistic”?

“Hellenic” means the ancient Greek culture or civilization before the death of Alexander the Great and “Hellenistic” means the culture or civilization of Greek with fusion of Persian culture after the death of Alexander the Great.

Who was Thales?

Thales (624BC-546BC) belongs to Miletus (Millet Turkey) and was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, mathematician and astronomer.

How would you define “animism”?

“Animism” is one religious belief about things, objects; creatures, places and universe possess soul or spirit.

How would you define “Lutheranism”?

Martin Luther (1483-1546) was the founder of “Lutheranism”. He believed that salvation was to be attained through faith and Bible is the ultimate authority not Pope. It is against the Roman Church and foundation of Protestants.

Who was Cromwell?

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) was an English military leader later he served as Lord Protector of Common Wealth.

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Short Questions with Answers of ‘Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding.

What are the two traits the every human soul possesses in view of Golding?

Good and evil are the two traits the every human soul possesses in view of Golding.

Which character has the strongest religious sensibility in Lord of The Flies?

Simon has strongest religious sensibility in ‘Lord of The Flies’. He is Christ like and saintly character.

Give symbolic illustration of title Lord of the Flies?

The pig’s head surrounded by flies called by Simon as Lord of the Flies, the Jack as lord and surrounded by other children like flies.

Which boy would rather hunt than build huts?

Jack would hunt rather than build huts. His motto is to providing the meat to children and showing his savagery and violence.

Where is Jack’s tribe headquarters?

Jack’s tribe headquarters is on the castle rock.
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Short Questions with Answers of ‘The Cherry Orchard’ by Anton Chekhov.


Here, I have updated the cherry orchard questions and answers, if you have any questions about short answers of The Cherry Orchard please ask in the comments. Nazar Bazmi’s Notes

What are the sounds with which the cherry orchard ends?

The drama The Cherry Orchard ends with the sounds of ax falling on the trees in the cherry orchard.

What is the significance of the axes falling in ‘The Cherry Orchard’?

The significance of axes falling in ‘The Cherry Orchard’ is that it shows the end of cherry orchard and end of feudalism and rise of capitalism.

What does Yepikhodov carry with him all the times?

Yepikhodov carry with him a revolver all the times. Just in case to kill oneself.

Why does Madame Ranevsky suffer much?

Madame Ranevsky’s luxurious life, her generosity, her refusal to accept capitalism and her refusal to accept the truth of her past love becomes the causes of her sufferings.

Give a brief estimate of Yasha.

Yasha is grandson of Firs and a young man servant of Madame Ranevsky. He traveled to France and came back to Russia with Ranevsky. He exploits Dunyasha’s love for physical pleasure and he is very fond of cigar.

What does Charlotta’s character represent in “The Cherry Orchard”?

Charlotta Ivanovna is the governess to Anya. She is comedian, performing magic tricks and mocking their preoccupations which around her.

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