Short Questions and Answers of Linguistics

Note: I have collected important questions of Linguistics from different examinations and answered here.

How is language Arbitrary?

There is no logical relation between the sound or written word and the object. Same object have different names in different areas shows that there is no logical relation between word and object. So, language is arbitrary.

How is linguistics a Science?

Linguistics is the scientific study/ systematic study of language. In linguistics the method is applied by making observations, testing hypotheses and deriving theories. So, linguistics is a science but social science not a practical science.

What is meant by Syn-chronic and Diachronic study of language?

Syn-chronic study of language is the study of language at a fix point or present but Diachronic study of language is the study of language change or study of language through history.

How does Ferdinand De Saussure make a distinction between Langue and Parole?

According to Ferdinand de Saussure the distinction between langue and parole is that langue is the structure of language in the mind/grammar of language in mind and the parole is the speech or written language.

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Short Questions and Answers of Introduction to Culture and Imperialism by Edward Said

Who is Edward Said?
Edward Said was a Palestinian American and Professor at Columbia University. He was political activist, literary critic and founder of the postcolonial studies.

Why is Edward Said famous?
Edward Said is famous as a founder of post colonialism critical theory.

What is the source of ‘Culture and Imperialism’?
The source of ‘Culture and Imperialism’ is the ‘Orientalism’.

What is the main focus of Edward Said in ‘Introduction to Culture and Imperialism’?
The main focus of Edward Said in ‘Introduction to Culture and Imperialism’ is the relationship between the imperial and imperialized culture.

When was ‘Culture and Imperialism’ published?
‘Culture and Imperialism’ is consist of essays written by Edward Said and was published in 1993.
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Short Questions and Answers of Unpopular Essays by Bertrand Russell

Write the names of contents of ‘Unpopular Essays’ by Russell.
The names of the contents of ‘Unpopular Essays’ by Russell are Philosophy for laymen, Philosophy and Politics, The future of mankind, Function of a teacher, Ideas that have helped mankind, ideas that have harmed mankind, Intellectual Rubbish, On being modern minded and Philosophy’s ulterior motives.

Is Russell’s ‘Unpopular Essays’ about unpopularity?
Russell’s ‘Unpopular Essaysnot about unpopularity but about philosophy, politics and well being of humanity.

How is Russell a pacifist?
Russell is against the war and opposes the idea of First World War so; he loses his job at Trinity College Cambridge. For this reason he is called pacifist.

What is the difference between Hegel and Locke’s philosophy?
Locke’s philosophy of empiricism suggests a theoretical justification of democracy, religious toleration, representative institutions, and the limitations of governmental power by the system of checks and balances but Hegel’s philosophy of dogmatism is that true liberty consists in obedience to an arbitrary authority, free speech is an evil, absolute monarchy is good, war is desirable, and an international organization for the peaceful settlement of disputes would be a misfortune.

How would you define ’empiricism’?
Empiricism is philosophy in which limitations of gov’t through system of check and balance, liberty of speech, religious tolerance and against the war. Empiricism is opposite to dogmatism. Democritus and Lock were Empiricists.
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