Short Questions and Answers of ‘Tale of Two Cities’ by Charles Dicken

What is the La Guillotine? What was its purpose?

La Guillotine is a machine with a razer lace with an axil and a wooden plank under it. It is used to behead by revolutionaries in the french revolution.

In witch year ‘A tale of two cities starts’? What is the name of first chapter of the novel?

The novel ” A Tale of Two Citiesstarted in 1775 and the name of the first chapter of the novel is “Recalled to Life“.

Who is Jerry Cruncher?

Jerry Cruncher is an odd-job man for Tellson’s Bank. He called himself a “Resurrection-Man,” because he digs up dead bodies and sells them to scientists.

What is the role of Sidney Carton?

Sidney Carton works with Stryver. He is in love with Lucie but Lucie love to Darney at the end of the novel he sacrifices for his beloved and take place of Darney whom resembled his appearance and beheaded.

Who is Miss Prose?

Miss Prose is the servant who raised Lucie. She is loyal to her mistress. Miss Prose is a comic character. She at the end of novel quarrel with Madam Defarge and Madam Defarge was killed by her own pistol shot.
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Hardy’s vision of tragedy

The main considerations in tragedy

  • What sort of persons are the victims of suffering?
  • What are the causes of disaster or catastrophe?
  • What is the emotional reaction of the audience?
  • What is the writer’s view of human nature?
  • What type of conflict is used?

 A democratic choice of characters

What sort of person are victim of suffering? The victim of sufferings are the  natives of the countryside  (Wessex’s Folk) ordinary men and women. Tess presents the peasantry. The sufferings of Tess and his family also the suffering of other milk maids. They all belongs to peasantry and lower class.

The causes of disaster

The causes of Tess’s suffering is the responsibility of Angel and Alec, of society and ruling class. First Alec’s lust ruined the Tess and then Angels conventional thinking ruined the Tess.

Secondly Tess herself responsible for her sufferings (Tragic flaw). Her intense sense of guilt and faithful nature ruined her life but these two aspects of life makes her character unforgettable.

Thirdly her fate also play important role in her sufferings. Her life is full of chances and coincidence like death of prince, seduction and written confession goes under carpet etc. Hardy quotes the words of Shakespeare:   “As the flies to the wanton boys, we are to the gods they kill us for their support.”
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Tess as a pure woman


Thomas Hardy used the title of the novel Tess of the d’Urbervilles and A pure woman is the subtitle of the play. So, its means that Hardy himself consider Tess as a pure woman.

Pure in  attention and soul, not physically

Tess is not pure physically as Hardy himself calls her “maiden no more” but the loss of virginity under the circumstances like rape does not loss the purity. She is pure in her attention and soul.

Tess’s association with Alec

Tess’s association with Alec shows her unwillingness at every point. When Alec seduced her she was in sleep. She becomes his mistress when her family out of shelter. Murder of Alec also shows her unwillingness of this association.

Tess’s irritation at Alec‘s progresses

When Alec tries to put strawberries into her mouth she tells him that she eat herself and also shows irritation from this type of behavior of Alec. Then on the way to Trantridge Alec tries to kiss her but she tries to avoid him she dropped the hat and came down and pass the remaining way by foot. As  his employee she reserved her but Alec advances.

Seduction under situations

When Alec seduced her at that time she was physically tired,  mentally drowsy due to clash with mates and In half sleep condition. Tess says to Alec when leaving Trantridge:                                                                                                                         “My eyes were dazed by you for little, and that was all. I didn’t understand your meaning till it was two late”.

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