What is formal style? Discuss.
Formal style is a style of language use for the purpose of uniformity. It is less personal than informal style and it is used for professional and academic purposes like formal letters or documents used in different professions, format of assignments and thesis and formal style of hosting on the stage.
What is the main purpose of a literary text?
Literary text can move the mind and heart. The main purpose of literary text is different according to different critics, according to Romantic critics the main purpose of literary text is aesthetic pleasure and entertainment, according to Classical critics the main purpose of literary text is reformation of society and culture.
Differentiate between Alliteration and Consonance as the elements of musicality.
Alliteration is the repetition of similar initial consonant sound in word, phrase or line of poetry whereas consonance is repetition of similar final consonant sounds in a phrase or line of poetry.
How cohesion is created in a literary text? Give examples.
Cohesion is logical connection between words, sentences and paragraphs that text becomes integrated whole. The use of transition words, pronouns, repetitive structures and contrast makes the literary text coherent. For example words or phrases are connected with grammatical and lexical relations and sentences with and, then, after— etc. Paragraphs with initial, final, first, last, following, preceding— etc.
Differentiate between simile and metaphor with suitable examples.
A figurative comparison between two things by using the word “like” or “as” is a simile and direct figurative comparison without “like or as” is a metaphor. “Her cheeks like rose” is a simile and “all the world is a stage” is a metaphor.
What is a point of view in literature? Support with examples.
In literature ‘Point of view’ is an opinion, judgment or attitude on a matter. It may be against are in favor. For example: narrator’s point of view, writer’s point of view or reader’s point of view etc.
What are syntagmatic and paradigmatic choices? Explain with examples.
The syntagmatic is concern the positioning of the words and phrases or lateral positioning. Paradigmatic is concerning the substitution words or vertical relation. For example; syntagmatic: He goes to the school. To the school he goes. Paradigmatic: He goes to the school. He goes to the home.
What is figurative language? Give suitable examples.
Figurative language is used to give special meaning to words or group of words other than literal meaning. It uses figure of speech like paradox, similes, metaphor, hyperbole and personification to describe something.
Differentiate between paradox and personification with examples.
Paradox is a statement or belief which apparently shown false but in reality it is true. For example ‘the child is the father of a man’ whereas Personification is animate attributes given to inanimate things and abstract ideas like ‘She is so beautiful the camera loves her’.
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