Short Answers of History of Western Civilization

How can “Hellenic” be differentiated from “Hellenistic”?

“Hellenic” means the ancient Greek culture or civilization before the death of Alexander the Great and “Hellenistic” means the culture or civilization of Greek with fusion of Persian culture after the death of Alexander the Great.

Who was Thales?

Thales (624BC-546BC) belongs to Miletus (Millet Turkey) and was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, mathematician and astronomer.

How would you define “animism”?

“Animism” is one religious belief about things, objects; creatures, places and universe possess soul or spirit.

How would you define “Lutheranism”?

Martin Luther (1483-1546) was the founder of “Lutheranism”. He believed that salvation was to be attained through faith and Bible is the ultimate authority not Pope. It is against the Roman Church and foundation of Protestants.

Who was Cromwell?

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) was an English military leader later he served as Lord Protector of Common Wealth.

What was “Reformation”?

“Reformation” is referred to protestant reforms by Anglican Church. It is initiated by Martin Luther and followed by John Calvin.

Who was “John Calvin”?

John Calvin (1509-1564) was a French. He was a Protestant reformer and successor of Martin Luther.

Mention two important works of Homer?

Homer’s two important works were the epic poems that were Iliad (about the ten years Trojan War) and Odyssey (about the Greek hero Odysseus also called Ulysses).

Throw some light on concept of “Trinity”?

“Trinity” is the Christian belief that The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit is one God.


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